The Ancient City of Erymna ( Ormana )

İbradı, 07680 Antalya, Türkiye


Erymna is in Pamphylia or Pisidia 18 km west of Akseki. The site is proved both by the survival of the name (Orymna in Hierokles and the Notitiae) and by an inscription found on the spot.

Erymna (Ancient Greek: Ἐρυμνή) or Orymna (Ancient Greek: Ὄρυμνα) was a town in Pamphylia. The form “Orymna” is that given in the Synecdemus and the Notitiae Episcopatuum and in the ecumenical councils, but inscriptions found on the site show that the inhabitants used the form with “E”. Stephanus of Byzantium stated that the form used in the Lyciaca of Alexander Polyhistor was Erymnae (Ancient Greek: Ἐρυμναί, plural of Ἐρυμνή). The modern name of the site is Ormana, reflecting the ancient name.

Erymna is thought to have been in earlier times a member of the tribe of Katenneis mentioned by Strabo (570); later it was an independent city with a normal Greek constitution, though it never issued its own coinage.

The extant ruins are very scanty. The acropolis hill is peaked but not high; at its foot are the foundations of a columned building constructed of very large blocks. Otherwise there are only a sarcophagus and various architectural stones in the village, including the identifying inscription.

Not much remains from the ancient the town. Apart from the foundations of a colonnaded building and a single sarcophagus, only some architectural stones are to be found at Ormana.

The town may have earlier been a member of the Kentenneis tribe, but it is known only as a normal independent Greek city. It never issued coinage.

june, 2024

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